Hello and welcome to Teach Kids Chemistry! Today, we will be exploring the fascinating element known as krypton. Krypton is a noble gas that can be found in the Earth’s atmosphere and is known for its unique properties. Join us as we dive into the world of krypton and discover its importance in the world of chemistry.
The Periodic Element Krypton Overview
Krypton is a chemical element with the symbol Kr and atomic number 36. It is a noble gas and is located in group 18 of the periodic table. Krypton has an atomic mass of 83.798 and its nucleus contains 36 protons and 48 neutrons. It also has 36 electrons in its shells. Krypton is in period 4 of the periodic table and is a nonmetal. It is colorless, odorless, and tasteless.Krypton has a very low electronegativity and specific heat capacity. Its melting point is -157.36°C and its boiling point is -153.22°C. Krypton is a gas at room temperature and has a density of 3.749 g/L. It is used in certain types of lighting, such as fluorescent lamps and photographic flashes. Krypton is also used in some lasers and as a filling gas for certain types of insulation.
Everyday objects that contain the periodic element krypton?
There are many everyday objects that contain chemicals or compounds that can be used to teach chemistry concepts. For example, water is a compound made up of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom, and can be used to teach about chemical formulas and the properties of different elements. Salt, which is made up of sodium and chlorine, can be used to teach about ionic bonding and the properties of salts. Baking soda, which is sodium bicarbonate, can be used to teach about chemical reactions and the properties of acids and bases. Other examples include vinegar, which is acetic acid, and aspirin, which is acetylsalicylic acid. By using everyday objects that contain chemicals, students can learn about chemistry concepts in a simple and relatable way.
Differences in the periodic element krypton across states of matter
The state of an element can vary greatly depending on its temperature and pressure. At standard temperature and pressure (STP), most elements are either solids or gases. Solids have a fixed shape and volume, while gases have neither. As temperature and pressure increase, some solids can become liquids, which have a fixed volume but take the shape of their container. As temperature and pressure continue to increase, some liquids can become gases, which have neither a fixed shape nor volume. At extremely high temperatures and pressures, some gases can become plasmas, which are highly ionized and conductive. Plasmas are often found in stars and lightning bolts, and have unique properties such as the ability to emit light.
Is the periodic element krypton dangerous or radioactive?
Krypton is not considered dangerous or radioactive. It is a noble gas and is chemically inert, meaning it does not react with other elements. Krypton is commonly used in lighting, such as in fluorescent bulbs and photographic flashes, and is also used in some lasers. While krypton is not harmful to humans in its natural state, it can become dangerous if it is inhaled in large quantities, as it can displace oxygen in the lungs and cause suffocation. However, this is not a concern in normal use and handling of krypton.
Is the periodic element krypton rare and expensive?
Krypton is a rare element in the Earth’s atmosphere, with a concentration of only about 1 ppm. However, it is not considered expensive as it is obtained as a byproduct of the production of liquid air and is readily available in small quantities for laboratory use. Krypton is mainly used in lighting applications, such as in fluorescent lamps and photographic flashes, and in some specialized research applications. While it is not a commonly used element, it is not considered rare or expensive in the context of the chemical industry.
Learn about all the elements with a periodic table!