Hello and welcome to Teach Kids Chemistry! Today, we will be discussing the fascinating element known as nihonium. Nihonium is a synthetic element that was first synthesized in 2003 and is named after the Japanese word for Japan, Nihon. It is a highly unstable element that belongs to the group of elements known as the transuranium elements. Despite its instability, nihonium has important implications for our understanding of the periodic table and the properties of heavy elements. So, let’s dive in and learn more about this intriguing element!
The Periodic Element Nihonium Overview
Nihonium is a synthetic element with the symbol Nh and atomic number 113. It was first synthesized in 2003 by a team of Russian and American scientists. The atomic mass of nihonium is 284, and it has 171 neutrons and 113 protons. As it is a neutral atom, it also has 113 electrons. Nihonium belongs to period 7 and group 13 of the periodic table. It is a metal and is expected to have a silvery-white appearance in its solid state. Nihonium has an electronegativity value of 1.9, which is relatively low compared to other elements. Its specific heat capacity is not yet known, as it is a newly discovered element. The melting point and boiling point of nihonium are also not yet known, but they are expected to be relatively low due to its position in the periodic table. The density of nihonium is also not yet known, but it is expected to be relatively low due to its position in the periodic table.In conclusion, nihonium is a synthetic element with the symbol Nh and atomic number 113. It belongs to period 7 and group 13 of the periodic table, is a metal, and has an electronegativity value of 1.9. Its atomic mass is 284, and it has 171 neutrons and 113 protons. The specific heat capacity, melting point, boiling point, and density of nihonium are not yet known, but they are expected to be relatively low due to its position in the periodic table.
Everyday objects that contain the periodic element nihonium?
There are many everyday objects that contain chemicals or compounds that can be used to teach chemistry concepts. For example, water is a compound made up of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom, and can be used to teach about chemical formulas and the properties of compounds. Salt, which is made up of sodium and chlorine ions, can be used to teach about ionic bonding and the properties of solutions. Baking soda, which is sodium bicarbonate, can be used to teach about chemical reactions and the properties of acids and bases. Other examples include vinegar, which is acetic acid, and aspirin, which is acetylsalicylic acid. By using everyday objects that contain chemicals, students can learn about chemistry concepts in a relatable and understandable way.
Differences in the periodic element nihonium across states of matter
The state of an element can vary greatly depending on its temperature and pressure. At standard temperature and pressure (STP), most elements are either solids or gases. Solids have a fixed shape and volume, while gases have neither. As temperature and pressure increase, some solids can become liquids, which have a fixed volume but take the shape of their container. As temperature and pressure continue to increase, some liquids can become gases, which have neither a fixed shape nor volume. At extremely high temperatures and pressures, some gases can become plasmas, which are highly ionized and conductive. Plasmas are often found in stars and lightning bolts, and have unique properties such as the ability to emit light.
Is the periodic element nihonium dangerous or radioactive?
Yes, nihonium is a highly radioactive element and is considered to be dangerous. It is a synthetic element that was first synthesized in 2003 and has a very short half-life, meaning it decays quickly and releases radiation. Due to its high radioactivity, it is not found in nature and can only be produced in a laboratory. Nihonium is classified as a transactinide element and is part of the periodic table’s seventh period. Its properties and behavior are still being studied, and it is not used in any practical applications due to its instability and short lifespan.
Is the periodic element nihonium rare and expensive?
Yes, nihonium is a rare and expensive element. It is a synthetic element that was first synthesized in 2003 and has a very short half-life, meaning it decays quickly into other elements. Due to its rarity and difficulty in synthesizing, it is not commercially available and is only produced in small quantities for research purposes. As a result, it is very expensive and not commonly used in everyday applications.
Learn about all the elements with a periodic table!